National Stadium, in Brasilia - Stadium of the World Cup 2014
«World Cup Brazil.
«Brasilia World Cup.
Capacity: 71,400 attendants.
Official name: Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha (National Stadium Mane Garrincha).
Origin of name: Brasilia is the Federal Capital of Brazil, hence many official buildings are called National, such as the National Theatre Claudio Santoro, National Museum Honestino Guimaraes and National Library.
Mane Garrincha was a famous and popular Brazilian football player (he was a star in the World Cups of 1958 and 1962); he was nicknamed the Joy of the People, and some people consider Garrincha better than Pele. Garrincha was not born and never lived in Brasilia.
Design: Castro Mello Arquitetos (read more information).
It's worth notice that most of the National monuments in Brasilia were designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer, the man who designed Brasilia. According to law, Niemeyer, who's still alive, should be heard to give opinions on the design of the new stadium, if he so wanted, but he gave it up.
Constructors: Andrade Gutierrez (also working in the Arena Amazonia, in Manaus) and Via Engenharia.
Total area: 120.000 m²
Constructed area: 214.000 m²
Estimated cost: R$ 671 million (when the project was presented).
Update, December 2012: according to this report (which cited as source a report published in the Official Gazette), the updated estimated costs of the National Stadium are mounting now to R$ 1,015 bn, a bit less than US$ 500 million at current exchange rate; the increase in costs was caused by the bidding of the cover, the pitch and the chairs, "which were not included in the original budget".
If these figures are confirmed, Brasilia will have the most expensive stadium in Brazil. According to the same report, Itaquerão will cost R$ 820 million, and Maracanã will cost R$ 808,4 million; these figures, of course, still can go up. And according to this report, the Brasilia stadium "is forecast to cost 14,300 reais per seat, compared with 10,000 reais per seat for the Cape Town arena, the costliest of the 2010 World Cup".
Brasilia will host seven matches of the World Cup, including the match for third place. The only other stadium to host seven matches is Maracana, in Rio de Janeiro, which will stage also the final match of the World Cup; all other cities will host less than seven matches.
The teams are yet to be defined. It is already known, though, that the Brazilian team will play at least one match in Brasilia (a second match is possible, if Brazil eventually dispute the third place).
Matches of the World Cup Brazil in Brasilia:
June 15th 2014 (Sunday):
June 19th 2014 (Thursday):
June 23rd 2014 (Monday): Brazil x
June 26th 2014 (Thursday):
June 30th 2014 (Monday): Round of 16
July 5th 2014 (Saturday): Quarter final
July 12th 2014 (Saturday): Match for third place
Brasilia was confirmed as the host of the opening match of the Confederations Cup; Brasilia will stage only that one match:
June 15th 2013 (Saturday): Brazil x Japan.
Map of Mane Garrincha stadium
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Photos of Mane Garrincha National Stadium.
Above: artistic image of the stadium, presented by the designers.
Above: in May 2011, the whole stadium was to be imploded, but, even after two attempts, part of the structure remained standing, and had to be demolished with tractors.
Above: November 2011. The photo shows how redish the Brasilia soil is. In the background, one can see the TV Tower (center of image).
Photo above: January 2012.
Above: October 2012 (source).
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